Tradicionalni recepti

Kmetijstvo, tako kot preostala družba, potrebuje enakost spolov

Kmetijstvo, tako kot preostala družba, potrebuje enakost spolov

Mreža za prehrano in kmetijstvo žensk se je začela pred več kot 16 leti kot skupnost kmetic, lastnic zemljišč, raziskovalk, študentk, zagovornic in potrošnikov, ki so navdušene nad trajnostjo na kmetijah srednjega zahoda in širše; dva člana se odzivata na članek The Atlantic "Kmetijstvo potrebuje več žensk."


Tekočnost spolov: kaj to pomeni in zakaj je podpora pomembna

Vzemite si trenutek - da, zdaj - razmislite o svojem spolu. Ali se identificirate kot ženska, moški ali drug spol: v bistvu, kako bi opisali svojega spolna identiteta? Kako drugim ljudem pokažete svoj spol s svojim videzom ali ravnanjem - z drugimi besedami, svojim izražanje spola? Ali se je vaša spolna identiteta ali izraz spola sčasoma spremenila ali ostala enaka?

Takšna vprašanja so lahko še posebej dragocena, če se sprašujete, kako se lahko spolna identiteta in izražanje spreminjata, ko otroci odraščajo. Seveda pa lahko ta vprašanja odmevajo tudi pri mnogih odraslih.

Včasih sem imel v življenju krajše lase in rad sem imel moške hlače in čevlje. Občasno sem užival tudi v moških vlogah v gledaliških predstavah in se kot moški na noč čarovnic oblekel v kostum. Včasih sem imel daljše lase in pogosto nošene obleke ter viseče uhane - in bolj ženstvene kostume za noč čarovnic. Čeprav se je moj izraz spola sčasoma preusmeril med manj žensko in bolj žensko, sem se vedno identificirala kot dekle ali ženska.

Kaj je fluidnost spolov?

Določimo nekaj izrazov. Cisgender pomeni, da se spolna identiteta osebe ujema s spolom - ženskim ali moškim - označenim v izvirnem rojstnem listu. Tekočina spolov se nanaša na spreminjanje skozi čas v izražanju spola ali identiteti spola ali oboje. Ta sprememba je lahko v izrazu, ne pa v identiteti ali v identiteti, ne pa v izrazu. Ali pa se lahko izraz in identiteta skupaj spremenita.

Za nekatere mlade je lahko fluidnost spolov način raziskovanja spola, preden se odločijo za bolj stabilen izraz ali identiteto spola. Za druge se lahko fluidnost spolov nadaljuje v nedogled kot del njihovih življenjskih izkušenj s spolom.

Nekateri se opisujejo kot »tekoče glede na spol«. Kot identiteta običajno ustreza transseksualnemu in nebinarnemu dežniku, kar velja za ljudi, katerih spolna identiteta se ne ujema s spolom, ki jim je dodeljen v izvirnem rojstnem listu. (Nebinarno pomeni, da spolna identiteta osebe ne sodi v stroge kulturne kategorije žensk ali moških.)

Vsi, ki doživljajo spremembe v izražanju spola ali identiteti, se ne identificirajo kot spolno tekoči. Prav tako si vsi ne želijo zdravljenja, ki potrjuje spol, da bi spremenilo svoje telo, da bi se bolje uskladilo s svojo spolno identiteto.

Kako se spol razvija in spreminja?

Spolno identiteto ljudje običajno začnejo razvijati že v zgodnjem otroštvu, okoli 2. ali 3. leta starosti. Spolna identiteta se razvija v več družbenih kontekstih: družini osebe, njeni širši skupnosti ter družbi in zgodovinskem času, v katerem živijo. Vsak od teh ima lahko zelo različne norme in pričakovanja glede izražanja spola in spolne identitete.

Na primer, otrok lahko živi v družini, ki meni, da je spol bolj zapleten kot fant ali deklica, in spodbuja raznolikost izražanja spolov. Ta isti otrok morda živi v mestu, kjer večina ljudi meni, da bi morali biti fantje "videti kot fantje", dekleta pa "videti kot dekleta". Ta otrok bi lahko živel v družbi in v zgodovinskem času s podobnimi normami spolov kot njihova skupnost. Tako se lahko ta otrok počuti svobodnejšega, če ima doma drugačen izraz ali identiteto spola kot v javnosti.

Za mnoge ljudi se spolna identiteta in izražanje razvijeta zgodaj in sčasoma ostaneta enaka. Za druge se lahko spremeni eno ali drugo. Čeprav se takšne spremembe lahko zgodijo kadar koli v življenju osebe, so v otroštvu in adolescenci pogostejše kot pozneje v odrasli dobi.

Kakšna je razlika med spolno tekočimi in transseksualnimi?

Medtem ko nekateri ljudje že v otroštvu razvijejo spolno identiteto, se drugi lahko istočasno identificirajo z enim spolom, kasneje pa z drugim spolom. Na primer, oseba, ki je bila v prvotnem rojstnem listu označena kot ženska, se lahko do mladosti identificira kot deklica, nato pa se celo življenje identificira kot deček. Ta oseba bi veljala za transspolno, ne pa nujno, da je spolno tekoča.

Druga oseba, ki sledi temu razvojnemu loku, se lahko identificira kot deček šele pri svojih 20 -ih letih, nato se identificira kot nebinarno, nato pa se pozneje v odrasli dobi spet identificira kot deček. To osebo bi lahko obravnavali kot spolno tekočo, ker je doživela eno ali več sprememb v svoji spolni identiteti ali izražanju spola. Pametno je opozoriti, da morda nikoli ne bodo uporabili izraza spol-fluid kot identitetno oznako zase.

Konec koncev je vsak, ki se opredeli kot spolno tekoč, spolno fluidna oseba. Pogosto se izraz uporablja za pomen izraza spola ali spolne identitete osebe - v bistvu, njenega notranjega občutka do sebe - pogosto se spreminja. Toda fluidnost spolov je lahko pri različnih ljudeh videti drugače.

Kako je fluidnost spolov povezana z zdravjem pri otrocih in mladostnikih?

Tako kot odrasli bodo tudi otroci in najstniki, ki svoj spol izražajo ali opredeljujejo drugače od svojega spola, določenega ob rojstvu, bolj verjetno podvrženi predsodkom in diskriminaciji. Te izkušnje lahko povzročijo manjšinski stres, ki je škodljiv za njihovo duševno in telesno zdravje. V primerjavi s cisgender mladostjo je pri transseksualcih dva do trikrat večja verjetnost, da bodo imeli depresijo, tesnobo, samopoškodovalno vedenje ter samomorilne misli in vedenje.

Vse skupnosti pričakujejo, kaj je "normalno". Mladi, ki so nespremenjeni glede na spol, so lahko bolj izpostavljeni predsodkom in diskriminaciji, ker je njihova sprememba spolne identitete ali izražanja v nasprotju s pričakovanjem, da se vsak od teh vidikov osebnosti razvije zgodaj in sčasoma ostane nespremenjen. Škodljive interakcije se morda ne pojavijo samo pri ljudeh, ki so cisgender. Mladi, ki so spolno tekoči, se lahko soočijo tudi z diskriminacijo nekaterih ljudi v transseksualni skupnosti, ki jih vidijo kot »v resnici ne transseksualne«. Videti mladostnico, ki se nekega dne obleče bolj ženstveno in drugi dan bolj moško, se lahko zdi zmedeno ali celo grozi vsem, ki imajo stroge predstave o spolu.

Kako lahko v svojem življenju podprete spolno tekočo mladost?

Spodbujam vas, da razmislite o fluidnosti spolov kot delu raznolikosti človeških izkušenj, povezanih s spolno identiteto in izražanjem. Čeprav je sprejemanje pomembno pri tem, kako ravnamo s komer koli, je še posebej pomembno za otroke in najstnike.

  • Poslušajte mladost in potrdite njihovo izkušnjo svojega spola. Vsak je strokovnjak svojega spola.
  • Bodite potrpežljivi, saj je fluidnost spolov pri mladostnikih lahko del njihovega razvoja spolne identitete.
  • Podprite mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, pri sprejemanju odločitev o oskrbi, ki potrjuje spol, na primer o hormonski terapiji in operacijah, ki potrjujejo spol.
  • Povežite jih s podporo in viri, da se bodo lahko pogovarjali z drugimi s podobnimi izkušnjami. Gender Spectrum je odličen vir tako za mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, kot za odrasle v njihovem življenju.

Tekočnost spolov: kaj to pomeni in zakaj je podpora pomembna

Vzemite si trenutek - da, zdaj - razmislite o svojem spolu. Ali se identificirate kot ženska, moški ali drug spol: v bistvu, kako bi opisali svojega spolna identiteta? Kako drugim ljudem pokažete svoj spol s svojim videzom ali ravnanjem - z drugimi besedami, svojim izražanje spola? Ali se je vaša spolna identiteta ali izraz spola sčasoma spremenila ali ostala enaka?

Takšna vprašanja so lahko še posebej dragocena, če se sprašujete, kako se lahko spolna identiteta in izražanje spreminjata, ko otroci odraščajo. Seveda pa lahko ta vprašanja odmevajo tudi pri mnogih odraslih.

Včasih sem imel v življenju krajše lase in rad sem imel moške hlače in čevlje. Občasno sem užival tudi v moških vlogah v gledaliških predstavah in se kot moški na noč čarovnic oblekel v kostum. Včasih sem imel daljše lase in pogosto nošene obleke ter viseče uhane - in bolj ženstvene kostume za noč čarovnic. Čeprav se je moj izraz spola sčasoma preusmeril med manj žensko in bolj žensko, sem se vedno identificirala kot dekle ali ženska.

Kaj je fluidnost spolov?

Določimo nekaj izrazov. Cisgender pomeni, da se spolna identiteta osebe ujema s spolom - ženskim ali moškim - označenim v izvirnem rojstnem listu. Tekočina spolov se nanaša na spreminjanje skozi čas v izražanju spola ali identiteti spola ali oboje. Ta sprememba je lahko v izrazu, ne pa v identiteti ali v identiteti, ne pa v izrazu. Ali pa se lahko izraz in identiteta skupaj spremenita.

Za nekatere mlade je lahko fluidnost spolov način raziskovanja spola, preden se odločijo za bolj stabilen izraz ali identiteto spola. Za druge se lahko fluidnost spolov nadaljuje v nedogled kot del njihovih življenjskih izkušenj s spolom.

Nekateri se opisujejo kot »tekoče glede na spol«. Kot identiteta običajno ustreza transseksualnemu in nebinarnemu dežniku, kar velja za ljudi, katerih spolna identiteta se ne ujema s spolom, ki jim je dodeljen v izvirnem rojstnem listu. (Nebinarno pomeni, da spolna identiteta osebe ne sodi v stroge kulturne kategorije žensk ali moških.)

Vsi, ki doživljajo spremembe v izražanju spola ali identiteti, se ne identificirajo kot spolno tekoči. Prav tako si vsi ne želijo zdravljenja, ki potrjuje spol, da bi spremenilo svoje telo, da bi se bolje uskladilo s svojo spolno identiteto.

Kako se spol razvija in spreminja?

Spolno identiteto ljudje običajno začnejo razvijati že v zgodnjem otroštvu, okoli 2. ali 3. leta starosti. Spolna identiteta se razvija v več družbenih kontekstih: družini osebe, njeni širši skupnosti ter družbi in zgodovinskem času, v katerem živijo. Vsak od teh ima lahko zelo različne norme in pričakovanja glede izražanja spola in spolne identitete.

Na primer, otrok lahko živi v družini, ki meni, da je spol bolj zapleten kot fant ali deklica, in spodbuja raznolikost izražanja spolov. Ta isti otrok morda živi v mestu, kjer večina ljudi meni, da bi morali biti fantje "videti kot fantje", dekleta pa "videti kot dekleta". Ta otrok bi lahko živel v družbi in v zgodovinskem času s podobnimi normami spolov kot njihova skupnost. Tako se lahko ta otrok počuti svobodnejšega, če ima doma drugačen izraz ali identiteto spola kot v javnosti.

Za mnoge ljudi se spolna identiteta in izražanje razvijeta zgodaj in sčasoma ostaneta enaka. Za druge se lahko spremeni eno ali drugo. Čeprav se takšne spremembe lahko zgodijo kadar koli v življenju osebe, so v otroštvu in adolescenci pogostejše kot pozneje v odrasli dobi.

Kakšna je razlika med spolno tekočimi in transseksualnimi?

Medtem ko nekateri ljudje že v otroštvu razvijejo spolno identiteto, se drugi lahko istočasno identificirajo z enim spolom, kasneje pa z drugim spolom. Na primer, oseba, ki je bila v prvotnem rojstnem listu označena kot ženska, se lahko do mladosti identificira kot deklica, nato pa se celo življenje identificira kot deček. Ta oseba bi veljala za transspolno, ne pa nujno, da je spolno tekoča.

Druga oseba, ki sledi temu razvojnemu loku, se lahko identificira kot deček šele pri svojih 20 -ih letih, nato se identificira kot nebinarno, nato pa se pozneje v odrasli dobi spet identificira kot deček. To osebo bi lahko obravnavali kot spolno tekočo, ker je doživela eno ali več sprememb v svoji spolni identiteti ali izražanju spola. Pametno je opozoriti, da morda nikoli ne bodo uporabili izraza spol-fluid kot identitetno oznako zase.

Konec koncev je vsak, ki se opredeli kot spolno tekoč, spolno fluidna oseba. Pogosto se izraz uporablja za pomen izraza spola ali spolne identitete osebe - v bistvu, njenega notranjega občutka do sebe - pogosto se spreminja. Toda fluidnost spolov je lahko pri različnih ljudeh videti drugače.

Kako je fluidnost spolov povezana z zdravjem pri otrocih in mladostnikih?

Tako kot odrasli bodo tudi otroci in najstniki, ki svoj spol izražajo ali opredeljujejo drugače od svojega spola, določenega ob rojstvu, bolj verjetno podvrženi predsodkom in diskriminaciji. Te izkušnje lahko povzročijo manjšinski stres, ki je škodljiv za njihovo duševno in telesno zdravje. V primerjavi s cisgender mladostjo je pri transseksualcih dva do trikrat večja verjetnost, da bodo imeli depresijo, tesnobo, samopoškodovalno vedenje ter samomorilne misli in vedenje.

Vse skupnosti pričakujejo, kaj je "normalno". Mladi, ki so nespremenjeni glede na spol, so lahko bolj izpostavljeni predsodkom in diskriminaciji, ker je njihova sprememba spolne identitete ali izražanja v nasprotju s pričakovanjem, da se vsak od teh vidikov osebnosti razvije zgodaj in sčasoma ostane nespremenjen. Škodljive interakcije se morda ne pojavijo samo pri ljudeh, ki so cisgender. Mladi, ki so spolno tekoči, se lahko soočijo tudi z diskriminacijo nekaterih ljudi v transseksualni skupnosti, ki jih vidijo kot »v resnici ne transseksualne«. Videti mladostnico, ki se nekega dne obleče bolj ženstveno in drugi dan bolj moško, se lahko zdi zmedeno ali celo grozi vsem, ki imajo stroge predstave o spolu.

Kako lahko v svojem življenju podprete spolno tekočo mladost?

Spodbujam vas, da razmislite o fluidnosti spolov kot delu raznolikosti človeških izkušenj, povezanih s spolno identiteto in izražanjem. Čeprav je sprejemanje pomembno pri tem, kako ravnamo s komer koli, je še posebej pomembno za otroke in najstnike.

  • Poslušajte mladost in potrdite njihovo izkušnjo svojega spola. Vsak je strokovnjak svojega spola.
  • Bodite potrpežljivi, saj je fluidnost spolov pri mladostnikih lahko del njihovega razvoja spolne identitete.
  • Podprite mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, pri sprejemanju odločitev o oskrbi, ki potrjuje spol, na primer o hormonski terapiji in operacijah, ki potrjujejo spol.
  • Povežite jih s podporo in viri, da se bodo lahko pogovarjali z drugimi s podobnimi izkušnjami. Gender Spectrum je odličen vir tako za mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, kot za odrasle v njihovem življenju.

Tekočnost spolov: kaj to pomeni in zakaj je podpora pomembna

Vzemite si trenutek - da, zdaj - razmislite o svojem spolu. Ali se identificirate kot ženska, moški ali drug spol: v bistvu, kako bi opisali svojega spolna identiteta? Kako drugim ljudem pokažete svoj spol s svojim videzom ali ravnanjem - z drugimi besedami, svojim izražanje spola? Ali se je vaša spolna identiteta ali izraz spola sčasoma spremenila ali ostala enaka?

Takšna vprašanja so lahko še posebej dragocena, če se sprašujete, kako se lahko spolna identiteta in izražanje spreminjata, ko otroci odraščajo. Seveda pa lahko ta vprašanja odmevajo tudi pri mnogih odraslih.

Včasih sem imel v življenju krajše lase in rad sem imel moške hlače in čevlje. Občasno sem užival tudi v moških vlogah v gledaliških predstavah in se kot moški na noč čarovnic oblekel v kostum. Včasih sem imel daljše lase in pogosto nošene obleke ter viseče uhane - in bolj ženstvene kostume za noč čarovnic. Čeprav se je moj izraz spola sčasoma preusmeril med manj žensko in bolj žensko, sem se vedno identificirala kot dekle ali ženska.

Kaj je fluidnost spolov?

Določimo nekaj izrazov. Cisgender pomeni, da se spolna identiteta osebe ujema s spolom - ženskim ali moškim - označenim v izvirnem rojstnem listu. Tekočina spolov se nanaša na spreminjanje skozi čas v izražanju spola ali identiteti spola ali oboje. Ta sprememba je lahko v izrazu, ne pa v identiteti ali v identiteti, ne pa v izrazu. Ali pa se lahko izraz in identiteta skupaj spremenita.

Za nekatere mlade je lahko fluidnost spolov način raziskovanja spola, preden se odločijo za bolj stabilen izraz ali identiteto spola. Za druge se lahko fluidnost spolov nadaljuje v nedogled kot del njihovih življenjskih izkušenj s spolom.

Nekateri se opisujejo kot »tekoče glede na spol«. Kot identiteta običajno ustreza transseksualnemu in nebinarnemu dežniku, kar velja za ljudi, katerih spolna identiteta se ne ujema s spolom, ki jim je dodeljen v izvirnem rojstnem listu. (Nebinarno pomeni, da spolna identiteta osebe ne sodi v stroge kulturne kategorije žensk ali moških.)

Vsi, ki doživljajo spremembe v izražanju spola ali identiteti, se ne identificirajo kot spolno tekoči. Prav tako si vsi ne želijo zdravljenja, ki potrjuje spol, da bi spremenilo svoje telo, da bi se bolje uskladilo s svojo spolno identiteto.

Kako se spol razvija in spreminja?

Spolno identiteto ljudje običajno začnejo razvijati že v zgodnjem otroštvu, okoli 2. ali 3. leta starosti. Spolna identiteta se razvija v več družbenih kontekstih: družini osebe, njeni širši skupnosti ter družbi in zgodovinskem času, v katerem živijo. Vsak od teh ima lahko zelo različne norme in pričakovanja glede izražanja spola in spolne identitete.

Na primer, otrok lahko živi v družini, ki meni, da je spol bolj zapleten kot fant ali deklica, in spodbuja raznolikost izražanja spolov. Ta isti otrok morda živi v mestu, kjer večina ljudi meni, da bi morali biti fantje "videti kot fantje", dekleta pa "videti kot dekleta". Ta otrok bi lahko živel v družbi in v zgodovinskem času s podobnimi normami spolov kot njihova skupnost. Tako se lahko ta otrok počuti svobodnejšega, če ima doma drugačen izraz ali identiteto spola kot v javnosti.

Za mnoge ljudi se spolna identiteta in izražanje razvijeta zgodaj in sčasoma ostaneta enaka. Za druge se lahko spremeni eno ali drugo. Čeprav se takšne spremembe lahko zgodijo kadar koli v življenju osebe, so v otroštvu in adolescenci pogostejše kot pozneje v odrasli dobi.

Kakšna je razlika med spolno tekočimi in transseksualnimi?

Medtem ko nekateri ljudje že v otroštvu razvijejo spolno identiteto, se drugi lahko istočasno identificirajo z enim spolom, kasneje pa z drugim spolom. Na primer, oseba, ki je bila v prvotnem rojstnem listu označena kot ženska, se lahko do mladosti identificira kot deklica, nato pa se celo življenje identificira kot deček. Ta oseba bi veljala za transspolno, ne pa nujno, da je spolno tekoča.

Druga oseba, ki sledi temu razvojnemu loku, se lahko identificira kot deček šele pri svojih 20 -ih letih, nato se identificira kot nebinarno, nato pa se pozneje v odrasli dobi spet identificira kot deček. To osebo bi lahko obravnavali kot spolno tekočo, ker je doživela eno ali več sprememb v svoji spolni identiteti ali izražanju spola. Pametno je opozoriti, da morda nikoli ne bodo uporabili izraza spol-fluid kot identitetno oznako zase.

Konec koncev je vsak, ki se opredeli kot spolno tekoč, spolno fluidna oseba. Pogosto se izraz uporablja za pomen izraza spola ali spolne identitete osebe - v bistvu, njenega notranjega občutka do sebe - pogosto se spreminja. Toda fluidnost spolov je lahko pri različnih ljudeh videti drugače.

Kako je fluidnost spolov povezana z zdravjem pri otrocih in mladostnikih?

Tako kot odrasli bodo tudi otroci in najstniki, ki svoj spol izražajo ali opredeljujejo drugače od svojega spola, določenega ob rojstvu, bolj verjetno podvrženi predsodkom in diskriminaciji. Te izkušnje lahko povzročijo manjšinski stres, ki je škodljiv za njihovo duševno in telesno zdravje. V primerjavi s cisgender mladostjo je pri transseksualcih dva do trikrat večja verjetnost, da bodo imeli depresijo, tesnobo, samopoškodovalno vedenje ter samomorilne misli in vedenje.

Vse skupnosti pričakujejo, kaj je "normalno". Mladi, ki so nespremenjeni glede na spol, so lahko bolj izpostavljeni predsodkom in diskriminaciji, ker je njihova sprememba spolne identitete ali izražanja v nasprotju s pričakovanjem, da se vsak od teh vidikov osebnosti razvije zgodaj in sčasoma ostane nespremenjen. Škodljive interakcije se morda ne pojavijo samo pri ljudeh, ki so cisgender. Mladi, ki so spolno tekoči, se lahko soočijo tudi z diskriminacijo nekaterih ljudi v transseksualni skupnosti, ki jih vidijo kot »v resnici ne transseksualne«. Videti mladostnico, ki se nekega dne obleče bolj ženstveno in drugi dan bolj moško, se lahko zdi zmedeno ali celo grozi vsem, ki imajo stroge predstave o spolu.

Kako lahko v svojem življenju podprete spolno tekočo mladost?

Spodbujam vas, da razmislite o fluidnosti spolov kot delu raznolikosti človeških izkušenj, povezanih s spolno identiteto in izražanjem. Čeprav je sprejemanje pomembno pri tem, kako ravnamo s komer koli, je še posebej pomembno za otroke in najstnike.

  • Poslušajte mladost in potrdite njihovo izkušnjo svojega spola. Vsak je strokovnjak svojega spola.
  • Bodite potrpežljivi, saj je fluidnost spolov pri mladostnikih lahko del njihovega razvoja spolne identitete.
  • Podprite mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, pri sprejemanju odločitev o oskrbi, ki potrjuje spol, na primer o hormonski terapiji in operacijah, ki potrjujejo spol.
  • Povežite jih s podporo in viri, da se bodo lahko pogovarjali z drugimi s podobnimi izkušnjami. Gender Spectrum je odličen vir tako za mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, kot za odrasle v njihovem življenju.

Tekočnost spolov: kaj to pomeni in zakaj je podpora pomembna

Vzemite si trenutek - da, zdaj - razmislite o svojem spolu. Ali se identificirate kot ženska, moški ali drug spol: v bistvu, kako bi opisali svojega spolna identiteta? Kako drugim ljudem pokažete svoj spol s svojim videzom ali ravnanjem - z drugimi besedami, svojim izražanje spola? Ali se je vaša spolna identiteta ali izraz spola sčasoma spremenila ali ostala enaka?

Takšna vprašanja so lahko še posebej dragocena, če se sprašujete, kako se lahko spolna identiteta in izražanje spreminjata, ko otroci odraščajo. Seveda pa lahko ta vprašanja odmevajo tudi pri mnogih odraslih.

Včasih sem imel v življenju krajše lase in rad sem imel moške hlače in čevlje. Občasno sem užival tudi v moških vlogah v gledaliških predstavah in se kot moški na noč čarovnic oblekel v kostum. Včasih sem imel daljše lase in pogosto nošene obleke ter viseče uhane - in bolj ženstvene kostume za noč čarovnic. Čeprav se je moj izraz spola sčasoma preusmeril med manj žensko in bolj žensko, sem se vedno identificirala kot dekle ali ženska.

Kaj je fluidnost spolov?

Določimo nekaj izrazov. Cisgender pomeni, da se spolna identiteta osebe ujema s spolom - ženskim ali moškim - označenim v izvirnem rojstnem listu. Tekočina spolov se nanaša na spreminjanje skozi čas v izražanju spola ali identiteti spola ali oboje. Ta sprememba je lahko v izrazu, ne pa v identiteti ali v identiteti, ne pa v izrazu. Ali pa se lahko izraz in identiteta skupaj spremenita.

Za nekatere mlade je lahko fluidnost spolov način raziskovanja spola, preden se odločijo za bolj stabilen izraz ali identiteto spola. Za druge se lahko fluidnost spolov nadaljuje v nedogled kot del njihovih življenjskih izkušenj s spolom.

Nekateri se opisujejo kot »tekoče glede na spol«. Kot identiteta običajno ustreza transseksualnemu in nebinarnemu dežniku, kar velja za ljudi, katerih spolna identiteta se ne ujema s spolom, ki jim je dodeljen v izvirnem rojstnem listu. (Nebinarno pomeni, da spolna identiteta osebe ne sodi v stroge kulturne kategorije žensk ali moških.)

Vsi, ki doživljajo spremembe v izražanju spola ali identiteti, se ne identificirajo kot spolno tekoči. Prav tako si vsi ne želijo zdravljenja, ki potrjuje spol, da bi spremenilo svoje telo, da bi se bolje uskladilo s svojo spolno identiteto.

Kako se spol razvija in spreminja?

Spolno identiteto ljudje običajno začnejo razvijati že v zgodnjem otroštvu, okoli 2. ali 3. leta starosti. Spolna identiteta se razvija v več družbenih kontekstih: družini osebe, njeni širši skupnosti ter družbi in zgodovinskem času, v katerem živijo. Vsak od teh ima lahko zelo različne norme in pričakovanja glede izražanja spola in spolne identitete.

Na primer, otrok lahko živi v družini, ki meni, da je spol bolj zapleten kot fant ali deklica, in spodbuja raznolikost izražanja spolov. Ta isti otrok morda živi v mestu, kjer večina ljudi meni, da bi morali biti fantje "videti kot fantje", dekleta pa "videti kot dekleta". Ta otrok bi lahko živel v družbi in v zgodovinskem času s podobnimi normami spolov kot njihova skupnost. Tako se lahko ta otrok počuti svobodnejšega, če ima doma drugačen izraz ali identiteto spola kot v javnosti.

Za mnoge ljudi se spolna identiteta in izražanje razvijeta zgodaj in sčasoma ostaneta enaka. Za druge se lahko spremeni eno ali drugo. Čeprav se takšne spremembe lahko zgodijo kadar koli v življenju osebe, so v otroštvu in adolescenci pogostejše kot pozneje v odrasli dobi.

Kakšna je razlika med spolno tekočimi in transseksualnimi?

Medtem ko nekateri ljudje že v otroštvu razvijejo spolno identiteto, se drugi lahko istočasno identificirajo z enim spolom, kasneje pa z drugim spolom. Na primer, oseba, ki je bila v prvotnem rojstnem listu označena kot ženska, se lahko do mladosti identificira kot deklica, nato pa se celo življenje identificira kot deček. Ta oseba bi veljala za transspolno, ne pa nujno, da je spolno tekoča.

Druga oseba, ki sledi temu razvojnemu loku, se lahko identificira kot deček šele pri svojih 20 -ih letih, nato se identificira kot nebinarno, nato pa se pozneje v odrasli dobi spet identificira kot deček. To osebo bi lahko obravnavali kot spolno tekočo, ker je doživela eno ali več sprememb v svoji spolni identiteti ali izražanju spola. Pametno je opozoriti, da morda nikoli ne bodo uporabili izraza spol-fluid kot identitetno oznako zase.

Konec koncev je vsak, ki se opredeli kot spolno tekoč, spolno fluidna oseba. Pogosto se izraz uporablja za pomen izraza spola ali spolne identitete osebe - v bistvu, njenega notranjega občutka do sebe - pogosto se spreminja. Toda fluidnost spolov je lahko pri različnih ljudeh videti drugače.

Kako je fluidnost spolov povezana z zdravjem pri otrocih in mladostnikih?

Tako kot odrasli bodo tudi otroci in najstniki, ki svoj spol izražajo ali opredeljujejo drugače od svojega spola, določenega ob rojstvu, bolj verjetno podvrženi predsodkom in diskriminaciji. Te izkušnje lahko povzročijo manjšinski stres, ki je škodljiv za njihovo duševno in telesno zdravje. V primerjavi s cisgender mladostjo je pri transseksualcih dva do trikrat večja verjetnost, da bodo imeli depresijo, tesnobo, samopoškodovalno vedenje ter samomorilne misli in vedenje.

Vse skupnosti pričakujejo, kaj je "normalno". Mladi, ki so nespremenjeni glede na spol, so lahko bolj izpostavljeni predsodkom in diskriminaciji, ker je njihova sprememba spolne identitete ali izražanja v nasprotju s pričakovanjem, da se vsak od teh vidikov osebnosti razvije zgodaj in sčasoma ostane nespremenjen. Škodljive interakcije se morda ne pojavijo samo pri ljudeh, ki so cisgender. Mladi, ki so spolno tekoči, se lahko soočijo tudi z diskriminacijo nekaterih ljudi v transseksualni skupnosti, ki jih vidijo kot »v resnici ne transseksualne«. Videti mladostnico, ki se nekega dne obleče bolj ženstveno in drugi dan bolj moško, se lahko zdi zmedeno ali celo grozi vsem, ki imajo stroge predstave o spolu.

Kako lahko v svojem življenju podprete spolno tekočo mladost?

Spodbujam vas, da razmislite o fluidnosti spolov kot delu raznolikosti človeških izkušenj, povezanih s spolno identiteto in izražanjem. Čeprav je sprejemanje pomembno pri tem, kako ravnamo s komer koli, je še posebej pomembno za otroke in najstnike.

  • Poslušajte mladost in potrdite njihovo izkušnjo svojega spola. Vsak je strokovnjak svojega spola.
  • Bodite potrpežljivi, saj je fluidnost spolov pri mladostnikih lahko del njihovega razvoja spolne identitete.
  • Podprite mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, pri sprejemanju odločitev o oskrbi, ki potrjuje spol, na primer o hormonski terapiji in operacijah, ki potrjujejo spol.
  • Povežite jih s podporo in viri, da se bodo lahko pogovarjali z drugimi s podobnimi izkušnjami. Gender Spectrum je odličen vir tako za mladost, ki je tekoča glede na spol, kot za odrasle v njihovem življenju.

Tekočnost spolov: kaj to pomeni in zakaj je podpora pomembna

Vzemite si trenutek - da, zdaj - razmislite o svojem spolu. Ali se identificirate kot ženska, moški ali drug spol: v bistvu, kako bi opisali svojega spolna identiteta? Kako drugim ljudem pokažete svoj spol s svojim videzom ali ravnanjem - z drugimi besedami, svojim izražanje spola? Ali se je vaša spolna identiteta ali izraz spola sčasoma spremenila ali ostala enaka?

Takšna vprašanja so lahko še posebej dragocena, če se sprašujete, kako se lahko spolna identiteta in izražanje spreminjata, ko otroci odraščajo. Seveda pa lahko ta vprašanja odmevajo tudi pri mnogih odraslih.

Včasih sem imel v življenju krajše lase in rad sem imel moške hlače in čevlje. Občasno sem užival tudi v moških vlogah v gledaliških predstavah in se kot moški na noč čarovnic oblekel v kostum. Včasih sem imel daljše lase in pogosto nošene obleke ter viseče uhane - in bolj ženstvene kostume za noč čarovnic. Čeprav se je moj izraz spola sčasoma preusmeril med manj žensko in bolj žensko, sem se vedno identificirala kot dekle ali ženska.

Kaj je fluidnost spolov?

Določimo nekaj izrazov. Cisgender pomeni, da se spolna identiteta osebe ujema s spolom - ženskim ali moškim - označenim v izvirnem rojstnem listu. Tekočina spolov se nanaša na spreminjanje skozi čas v izražanju spola ali identiteti spola ali oboje. Ta sprememba je lahko v izrazu, ne pa v identiteti ali v identiteti, ne pa v izrazu. Ali pa se lahko izraz in identiteta skupaj spremenita.

Za nekatere mlade je lahko fluidnost spolov način raziskovanja spola, preden se odločijo za bolj stabilen izraz ali identiteto spola. Za druge se lahko fluidnost spolov nadaljuje v nedogled kot del njihovih življenjskih izkušenj s spolom.

Nekateri se opisujejo kot »tekoče glede na spol«. Kot identiteta običajno ustreza transseksualnemu in nebinarnemu dežniku, kar velja za ljudi, katerih spolna identiteta se ne ujema s spolom, ki jim je dodeljen v izvirnem rojstnem listu. (Nebinarno pomeni, da spolna identiteta osebe ne sodi v stroge kulturne kategorije žensk ali moških.)

Vsi, ki doživljajo spremembe v izražanju spola ali identiteti, se ne identificirajo kot spolno tekoči. Prav tako si vsi ne želijo zdravljenja, ki potrjuje spol, da bi spremenilo svoje telo, da bi se bolje uskladilo s svojo spolno identiteto.

Kako se spol razvija in spreminja?

Spolno identiteto ljudje običajno začnejo razvijati že v zgodnjem otroštvu, okoli 2. ali 3. leta starosti. Spolna identiteta se razvija v več družbenih kontekstih: družini osebe, njeni širši skupnosti ter družbi in zgodovinskem času, v katerem živijo. Vsak od teh ima lahko zelo različne norme in pričakovanja glede izražanja spola in spolne identitete.

Na primer, otrok lahko živi v družini, ki meni, da je spol bolj zapleten kot fant ali deklica, in spodbuja raznolikost izražanja spolov. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.

Gender fluidity: What it means and why support matters

Take a moment — yes, right now — to consider your gender. Do you identify as a woman, man, or another gender: essentially, how would you describe your gender identity? How do you show your gender to other people through how you look or act — in other words, your gender expression? And has your gender identity or gender expression changed or stayed the same over time?

Questions like these can be especially valuable if you’re wondering about how gender identity and expression may shift as children grow up. And, of course, these questions may also resonate with many adults.

At times in my life, I’ve had shorter hair and a fondness for men’s dress pants and dress shoes. I’ve also enjoyed occasionally playing male roles in theater productions and dressing in costume as a man on Halloween. At other times in my life, I’ve had longer hair and frequently worn dresses and dangly earrings — and more feminine Halloween costumes. Although my gender expression has shifted over time between less feminine and more feminine, I have always identified as a girl or woman.

What is gender fluidity?

Let’s define a few terms. Cisgender means a person’s gender identity matches the sex — female or male — designated on their original birth certificate. Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a person’s gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.

For some youth, gender fluidity may be a way to explore gender before landing on a more stable gender expression or identity. For others, gender fluidity may continue indefinitely as part of their life experience with gender.

Some people describe themselves as “gender-fluid.” As an identity, it typically fits under the transgender and nonbinary umbrella, which applies to people whose gender identity doesn’t match the sex assigned to them on their original birth certificate. (Nonbinary means a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit into strict cultural categories of female or male.)

Not everyone who experiences changes in their gender expression or identity identifies as gender-fluid. Nor does everyone desire gender-affirming medical treatment to change their body to better align with their gender identity.

How does gender develop and change?

People typically begin developing a gender identity in early childhood, around the age of 2 or 3. Gender identity develops within multiple social contexts: a person’s family, their larger community, and the society and historical time in which they live. Each of these may have very different norms and expectations about gender expression and gender identity.

For example, a child might live in a family that believes that gender is more complex than boy or girl, and encourages a diversity of gender expressions. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.

Gender fluidity: What it means and why support matters

Take a moment — yes, right now — to consider your gender. Do you identify as a woman, man, or another gender: essentially, how would you describe your gender identity? How do you show your gender to other people through how you look or act — in other words, your gender expression? And has your gender identity or gender expression changed or stayed the same over time?

Questions like these can be especially valuable if you’re wondering about how gender identity and expression may shift as children grow up. And, of course, these questions may also resonate with many adults.

At times in my life, I’ve had shorter hair and a fondness for men’s dress pants and dress shoes. I’ve also enjoyed occasionally playing male roles in theater productions and dressing in costume as a man on Halloween. At other times in my life, I’ve had longer hair and frequently worn dresses and dangly earrings — and more feminine Halloween costumes. Although my gender expression has shifted over time between less feminine and more feminine, I have always identified as a girl or woman.

What is gender fluidity?

Let’s define a few terms. Cisgender means a person’s gender identity matches the sex — female or male — designated on their original birth certificate. Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a person’s gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.

For some youth, gender fluidity may be a way to explore gender before landing on a more stable gender expression or identity. For others, gender fluidity may continue indefinitely as part of their life experience with gender.

Some people describe themselves as “gender-fluid.” As an identity, it typically fits under the transgender and nonbinary umbrella, which applies to people whose gender identity doesn’t match the sex assigned to them on their original birth certificate. (Nonbinary means a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit into strict cultural categories of female or male.)

Not everyone who experiences changes in their gender expression or identity identifies as gender-fluid. Nor does everyone desire gender-affirming medical treatment to change their body to better align with their gender identity.

How does gender develop and change?

People typically begin developing a gender identity in early childhood, around the age of 2 or 3. Gender identity develops within multiple social contexts: a person’s family, their larger community, and the society and historical time in which they live. Each of these may have very different norms and expectations about gender expression and gender identity.

For example, a child might live in a family that believes that gender is more complex than boy or girl, and encourages a diversity of gender expressions. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.

Gender fluidity: What it means and why support matters

Take a moment — yes, right now — to consider your gender. Do you identify as a woman, man, or another gender: essentially, how would you describe your gender identity? How do you show your gender to other people through how you look or act — in other words, your gender expression? And has your gender identity or gender expression changed or stayed the same over time?

Questions like these can be especially valuable if you’re wondering about how gender identity and expression may shift as children grow up. And, of course, these questions may also resonate with many adults.

At times in my life, I’ve had shorter hair and a fondness for men’s dress pants and dress shoes. I’ve also enjoyed occasionally playing male roles in theater productions and dressing in costume as a man on Halloween. At other times in my life, I’ve had longer hair and frequently worn dresses and dangly earrings — and more feminine Halloween costumes. Although my gender expression has shifted over time between less feminine and more feminine, I have always identified as a girl or woman.

What is gender fluidity?

Let’s define a few terms. Cisgender means a person’s gender identity matches the sex — female or male — designated on their original birth certificate. Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a person’s gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.

For some youth, gender fluidity may be a way to explore gender before landing on a more stable gender expression or identity. For others, gender fluidity may continue indefinitely as part of their life experience with gender.

Some people describe themselves as “gender-fluid.” As an identity, it typically fits under the transgender and nonbinary umbrella, which applies to people whose gender identity doesn’t match the sex assigned to them on their original birth certificate. (Nonbinary means a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit into strict cultural categories of female or male.)

Not everyone who experiences changes in their gender expression or identity identifies as gender-fluid. Nor does everyone desire gender-affirming medical treatment to change their body to better align with their gender identity.

How does gender develop and change?

People typically begin developing a gender identity in early childhood, around the age of 2 or 3. Gender identity develops within multiple social contexts: a person’s family, their larger community, and the society and historical time in which they live. Each of these may have very different norms and expectations about gender expression and gender identity.

For example, a child might live in a family that believes that gender is more complex than boy or girl, and encourages a diversity of gender expressions. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.

Gender fluidity: What it means and why support matters

Take a moment — yes, right now — to consider your gender. Do you identify as a woman, man, or another gender: essentially, how would you describe your gender identity? How do you show your gender to other people through how you look or act — in other words, your gender expression? And has your gender identity or gender expression changed or stayed the same over time?

Questions like these can be especially valuable if you’re wondering about how gender identity and expression may shift as children grow up. And, of course, these questions may also resonate with many adults.

At times in my life, I’ve had shorter hair and a fondness for men’s dress pants and dress shoes. I’ve also enjoyed occasionally playing male roles in theater productions and dressing in costume as a man on Halloween. At other times in my life, I’ve had longer hair and frequently worn dresses and dangly earrings — and more feminine Halloween costumes. Although my gender expression has shifted over time between less feminine and more feminine, I have always identified as a girl or woman.

What is gender fluidity?

Let’s define a few terms. Cisgender means a person’s gender identity matches the sex — female or male — designated on their original birth certificate. Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a person’s gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.

For some youth, gender fluidity may be a way to explore gender before landing on a more stable gender expression or identity. For others, gender fluidity may continue indefinitely as part of their life experience with gender.

Some people describe themselves as “gender-fluid.” As an identity, it typically fits under the transgender and nonbinary umbrella, which applies to people whose gender identity doesn’t match the sex assigned to them on their original birth certificate. (Nonbinary means a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit into strict cultural categories of female or male.)

Not everyone who experiences changes in their gender expression or identity identifies as gender-fluid. Nor does everyone desire gender-affirming medical treatment to change their body to better align with their gender identity.

How does gender develop and change?

People typically begin developing a gender identity in early childhood, around the age of 2 or 3. Gender identity develops within multiple social contexts: a person’s family, their larger community, and the society and historical time in which they live. Each of these may have very different norms and expectations about gender expression and gender identity.

For example, a child might live in a family that believes that gender is more complex than boy or girl, and encourages a diversity of gender expressions. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.

Gender fluidity: What it means and why support matters

Take a moment — yes, right now — to consider your gender. Do you identify as a woman, man, or another gender: essentially, how would you describe your gender identity? How do you show your gender to other people through how you look or act — in other words, your gender expression? And has your gender identity or gender expression changed or stayed the same over time?

Questions like these can be especially valuable if you’re wondering about how gender identity and expression may shift as children grow up. And, of course, these questions may also resonate with many adults.

At times in my life, I’ve had shorter hair and a fondness for men’s dress pants and dress shoes. I’ve also enjoyed occasionally playing male roles in theater productions and dressing in costume as a man on Halloween. At other times in my life, I’ve had longer hair and frequently worn dresses and dangly earrings — and more feminine Halloween costumes. Although my gender expression has shifted over time between less feminine and more feminine, I have always identified as a girl or woman.

What is gender fluidity?

Let’s define a few terms. Cisgender means a person’s gender identity matches the sex — female or male — designated on their original birth certificate. Gender fluidity refers to change over time in a person’s gender expression or gender identity, or both. That change might be in expression, but not identity, or in identity, but not expression. Or both expression and identity might change together.

For some youth, gender fluidity may be a way to explore gender before landing on a more stable gender expression or identity. For others, gender fluidity may continue indefinitely as part of their life experience with gender.

Some people describe themselves as “gender-fluid.” As an identity, it typically fits under the transgender and nonbinary umbrella, which applies to people whose gender identity doesn’t match the sex assigned to them on their original birth certificate. (Nonbinary means a person’s gender identity doesn’t fit into strict cultural categories of female or male.)

Not everyone who experiences changes in their gender expression or identity identifies as gender-fluid. Nor does everyone desire gender-affirming medical treatment to change their body to better align with their gender identity.

How does gender develop and change?

People typically begin developing a gender identity in early childhood, around the age of 2 or 3. Gender identity develops within multiple social contexts: a person’s family, their larger community, and the society and historical time in which they live. Each of these may have very different norms and expectations about gender expression and gender identity.

For example, a child might live in a family that believes that gender is more complex than boy or girl, and encourages a diversity of gender expressions. That same child may live in a town where most people believe that boys should “look like boys” and girls should “look like girls.” And this child might live in a society and at a historical time with similar gender norms as their community. Thus, this child may feel freer to have a different gender expression or identity at home than out in public.

For many people, gender identity and expression develop early and stay the same over time. For others, either one may change. While such changes can happen at any time during a person’s life, they’re more common during childhood and adolescence than later in adulthood.

What’s the difference between gender-fluid and transgender?

While some people develop a gender identity early in childhood, others may identify with one gender at one time and then another gender later on. For example, a person who was designated female on their original birth certificate may identify as a girl until adolescence, then identify as a boy for the rest of their life. This person would be considered transgender, but not necessarily gender-fluid.

Another person who follows this developmental arc may only identify as a boy until they are in their 20s, and then identify as nonbinary, and then identify as a boy again later in adulthood. This person could be considered gender-fluid, because they experienced one or more changes in their gender identity or gender expression. It’s wise to note, though, that they may never use the term gender-fluid as an identity label for themself.

Ultimately, anyone who identifies as gender-fluid is a gender-fluid person. Often, the term is used to mean that a person’s gender expression or gender identity — essentially, their internal sense of self — changes frequently. But gender fluidity can look different for different people.

How is gender fluidity related to health in children and teens?

Just like adults, children and teens who express or identify their gender differently from their sex designated at birth are more likely to experience prejudice and discrimination. These experiences may create minority stress that is harmful for their mental and physical health. Compared to cisgender youth, transgender youth are two to three times more likely to have depression, anxiety, self-harming behavior, and suicidal thoughts and behavior.

All communities have expectations around what’s “normal.” A youth who is gender-fluid may be at greater risk for prejudice and discrimination, because their shifting gender identity or expression goes against an expectation that each of these aspects of personhood develops early and stays the same over time. And the harmful interactions may not occur only with people who are cisgender. A youth who is gender-fluid may also face discrimination from some people in the transgender community who view them as “not really transgender.” Seeing a youth who dresses more femininely on one day and more masculinely on another day may feel confusing or even threatening to anyone with strict ideas about gender.

How can you support gender-fluid youth in your life?

I encourage you to think about gender fluidity as part of the diversity of human experience related to gender identity and expression. While acceptance is important in how we treat anyone, it’s especially important for children and teens.

  • Listen to youth and validate their experience of their gender. Everyone is the expert of their own gender.
  • Be patient, as a youth’s gender fluidity may be part of their gender identity development.
  • Support gender-fluid youth in making informed decisions about gender-affirming care, such as hormone therapy and gender-affirming surgeries.
  • Connect them to support and resources so they can talk to others with similar experiences. Gender Spectrum is a great resource for both gender-fluid youth and the adults in their lives.


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